Types Of Armored Vehicles | Classification of Bulletproof Cars


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Armored Vehicles 101: An Overview of Different Types

Armored Vehicles 101

Armored vehicles represent a formidable fusion of technology and protection, standing as steadfast sentinels in the face of security challenges. From military battlefields to city streets, these robust machines play a vital role in safeguarding lives and assets. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the various types of armored vehicles, taking a look at their usage, historical significance, and the most popular models in each category.

Military Armored Vehicles

Light Armored Vehicles (LAV)



US Army LAV-25A2; Source- Wikipedia

LAVs are agile and versatile military platforms designed for rapid deployment and reconnaissance. They are equipped with lighter armor, enabling them to maneuver across various terrains efficiently.

History: The concept of LAVs traces back to the mid-20th century when military forces sought more mobile alternatives to traditional tanks. Modern LAVs have evolved to become integral assets in modern warfare.

Usage: LAVs offer essential support to infantry units, conducting reconnaissance missions and providing swift-response capabilities. These versatile vehicles can be equipped with an array of weapon systems, ranging from machine guns to anti-tank-guided missiles.

Popular Models:
LAV-25: One renowned LAV variant is the LAV-25, used by the United States Marine Corps. It stands as a widely acknowledged and extensively utilized LAV across the globe.

Piranha III: The Piranha III is a popular LAV employed by various military forces globally.

Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicles



MRAP vehicles are characterized by their heavily armored V-shaped hulls, designed to resist the impact of roadside bombs (IEDs) and ambushes. They provide enhanced protection for the occupants inside

History: The need for MRAP vehicles became evident during the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts, where conventional armored vehicles faced substantial risks from IED attacks. The US military initiated the MRAP program to develop specialized vehicles that could withstand these threats.

Usage: MRAP vehicles are primarily used in counter-insurgency operations, where the threat of IEDs is prevalent. They offer increased survivability for troops and minimize casualties in hazardous environments.

Popular Models:
RG-31 Nyala: This vehicle is known for its excellent protection against mines and roadside bombs.

MaxxPro: This MRAP is widely used by the US military and other nations for a high level of protection.

Armored Fighting Vehicles (AFV)

AFVs constitute a versatile array of military vehicles meticulously crafted to excel in diverse combat scenarios. These formidable machines seamlessly integrate mobility, firepower, and protection, rendering them invaluable assets on the battlefield. AFVs are categorized into two primary groups: Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs) and Main Battle Tanks (MBTs).

History: AFVs have their origins dating back to World War I, where they marked the debut of tanks as a revolutionary warfare innovation. Over time, AFVs have consistently evolved and adeptly adjusted to the dynamic demands of contemporary warfare and conflict scenarios.

Usage: a. IFVs carry the role of transporting infantry troops while delivering potent firepower support on the battlefield through their integrated weaponry, including autocannons and anti-tank missiles.

b. MBTs boast substantial armor and house formidable main cannons, positioning them as imposing forces on the battlefield, effectively engaging enemy tanks and fortifications.

Popular Models:
Bradley Fighting Vehicle: Renowned for its versatility and firepower, the Bradley Fighting Vehicle holds a prominent place as a widely utilized IFV within the US Army.

Leopard 2: Hailing from Germany, the Leopard 2 stands as one of the globe’s premier MBTs, acclaimed for its advanced design and successful deployments.

CV90: Embraced by multiple European nations, the CV90 is celebrated for its technological advancements and modular design, epitomizing innovation in armored vehicles.

Self-Propelled Guns (SPG)

Bandkanon SPG

Bandkanon Swedish Self-propelled Gun

SPGs are armored vehicles outfitted with artillery pieces, granting them the capability to deliver mobile fire support to ground troops.

History: The concept of SPGs emerged during World War I, with the development of mounted artillery on tracked or wheeled vehicles. Since then, SPGs have become a critical component of modern artillery units.

Usage: SPGs are utilized for indirect fire support, engaging enemy positions and fortifications, and providing cover for advancing infantry.

Popular Models:
M109 Paladin: The M109 Paladin is a widely used SPG known for its reliability and firepower, used by numerous militaries globally.

PzH 2000: The PzH 2000, developed by Germany, is regarded as one of the most advanced and capable SPGs in service.

G6 Rhino: The G6 Rhino, used by the South African Army, is renowned for its range and accuracy in delivering fire support.

Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft (SPAA) Vehicles

Flakpanzer Gepard 1A2

Anti-Aircraft Gepard 1A2 Gun, image source Wikipedia

SPAA vehicles are specialized armored units armed with either surface-to-air missile systems or anti-aircraft guns. These vehicles serve a vital role by providing essential air defense capabilities to ground forces.

History: The requirement for SPAA vehicles emerged in response to the formidable aerial threats encountered by ground forces during World War II.

Usage: SPAAs are deployed to protect ground forces and critical assets from aerial threats, including helicopters and low-flying aircraft.

Popular Models:
ZSU-23-4 Shilka: The ZSU-23-4 Shilka, a Soviet-era SPAAG, remains in service with various countries due to its simplicity and effectiveness.

MIM-104 Patriot: The Patriot system is renowned for its missile defense capabilities, providing advanced air defense for ground forces and strategic assets.


Amphibious Assault Vehicles (AAV)

U.S. Marines AAV

US Assault Amphibious Vehicle, image source Wikipedia

AAVs are ingeniously crafted to execute operations both on land and in water, facilitating effortless transitions between naval and ground maneuvers.

History: While the inception of amphibious vehicles traces back to World War I, contemporary AAVs have undergone substantial innovations to cater to the intricate demands of military amphibious endeavours.

Usage: AAVs play a pivotal role in amphibious assaults, orchestrating the seamless transport of infantry troops from ships to shores and furnishing indispensable support during beachhead operations.

Popular Models:
AAV7: The AAV7 is widely used by the US Marine Corps and various other countries, boasting excellent amphibious capabilities.

BTR-80A: The BTR-80A is used by several armed forces globally, known for its versatility and ability to traverse diverse terrains.

BvS 10: The BvS 10, developed in Sweden, is an all-terrain amphibious vehicle capable of transporting troops and supplies in harsh environments.

Armored Medical Vehicles (AMV)



AMVs are specialized platforms equipped with advanced medical equipment and ballistic protection, designed for medical aid and evacuation in combat zones.

History: The need for armored medical vehicles became evident during World War II when military medical units faced significant risks on the battlefield. Modern AMVs have evolved to provide increased protection and advanced medical capabilities.

Usage: AMVs play a vital role in providing timely medical assistance and safe evacuation of wounded soldiers in high-intensity conflicts.

Combat Engineering Vehicles (CEV)

IDF Caterpillar D9 “Doobi” armored bulldozer, image source Wikipedia

CEVs are armored platforms with specialized tools and equipment for battlefield engineering tasks.

History: Combat engineering vehicles have been vital to military engineering operations for many years, playing an essential role in supporting ground forces.

Usage: CEVs are crucial for clearing obstacles, opening routes, and constructing defensive structures, enhancing the mobility and survivability of friendly forces.

Popular Models:
AVLB: The Armored Vehicle Launched Bridge (AVLB) is used to deploy mobile bridges for crossing obstacles and improving troop mobility.

AEV: The Armored Engineer Vehicle (AEV) is equipped with a variety of engineering tools, such as dozer blades and excavation equipment.


Police & Riot Control

Armored Personnel Carriers (APC)

INKAS® Huron APC Carrier

INKAS® Huron APC Carrier

APCs are armored platforms designed to transport law enforcement personnel while providing protection against small arms fire and riot hazards.

History: The inception of armored personnel carriers dates back to World War II when they emerged as a pivotal solution for troop transport while mitigating susceptibility to harm.

Usage: APCs are particularly helpful in scenarios demanding heightened security, such as riot control, hostage rescues, and SWAT operations.

Popular Models:
INKAS® Sentry: Notably, the INKAS® Sentry stands as a formidable choice when it comes to police and riot control vehicles. Engineered by INKAS® Armored Vehicle Manufacturing, the SENTRY exemplifies cutting-edge design, offering enhanced protection and strategic versatility. Its deployment by various law enforcement agencies underscores its prowess in maintaining order and security during challenging situations.

Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) Vehicles

SWAT vehicles are specialized platforms designed for Special Weapons and Tactics teams, equipped with advanced security features and surveillance equipment.

History: SWAT vehicles were developed to cater to the specialized needs of law enforcement’s elite tactical units, ensuring their safety and effectiveness during critical missions.

Usage: SWAT vehicles provide crucial support to law enforcement during high-risk operations, enabling officers to approach and resolve dangerous situations with enhanced safety.

Popular Models:
INKAS® Huron: Engineered by INKAS® Armored Vehicle Manufacturing, the Huron exemplifies cutting-edge design, advanced protection, and tactical versatility. Its deployment underscores its efficacy in addressing high-risk scenarios and upholding the safety of both law enforcement personnel and public safety.

All-Terrain Vehicles (ATV)

armored ATV vehicle

CR3 Bronco ATTC, image source Wikipedia

ATVs are compact off-road vehicles meticulously designed to conquer rugged landscapes, providing law enforcement with agile and rapid mobility.

History: ATVs have held a pivotal role for several decades, finding utility across various organizations, including law enforcement. Their unmatched maneuverability in challenging terrains has solidified their significance.

Usage: ATVs are ideal for accessing remote areas, conducting search and rescue operations, and providing quick responses to emergencies in difficult terrains.

Popular Models:
Polaris Ranger: The Polaris Ranger series includes versatile and reliable ATVs used by law enforcement agencies for patrolling and search missions.

Security Surveillance Vehicles (SSV)

SSVs are armored platforms with advanced surveillance and communication systems for law enforcement.

History: The use of specialized security surveillance vehicles has increased with the advancements in surveillance technology and the need for enhanced situational awareness.

Usage: SSVs are utilized during large events, protests, and surveillance operations to monitor and gather intelligence while ensuring the safety of law enforcement personnel.

Popular Models:
Oshkosh TerraMax: The Oshkosh TerraMax’s adaptability and state-of-the-art features position it as a key player in modern security surveillance operations, exemplifying its significant role in maintaining safety and vigilance.


Bank Trucks & CITs

Cash-In-Transit (CIT) Vehicles


INKAS® Cash-in-Transit Hudson

CIT vehicles are armored minivans designed to securely transport valuable assets, such as cash, precious metals, and other valuables.

History: CIT vehicles have been used for years, evolving with technology and security requirements to provide reliable and secure transportation solutions.

Usage: CIT vehicles are mainly deployed by security firms and financial institutions to transport money and valuable goods between locations, minimizing the risk of theft and attacks.

Popular Models:
INKAS® Hudson CIT vehicle, based on the Toyota Land Cruiser 79, stands as a widely sought-after model designed to carry large amounts of cash and valuables in a 100% secure environment and across vast distances. Explore our comprehensive collection of Cash-In-Transit trucks, bullion vans, and bulletproof bank trucks by clicking here.

Cannabis Transport Vehicles

Cannabis Transit Van

Canadian Cannabis Transit Van by INKAS® Armored

Cannabis Transport Vehicles are specialized armored minivans designed to transport legally produced cannabis and related products securely.

History: With the legalization of cannabis in various jurisdictions, the need for secure transportation solutions has led to the development of specialized cannabis transport vehicles.

Usage: In regions where cannabis production and distribution are legal, these vehicles ensure the secure and discreet transportation of cannabis throughout the supply chain.


Civilian Bulletproof Cars

Personal Cars (Sedans, SUVs, Pickup-Trucks)

Sentry Civilian

Sentry Civilian by INKAS® Armored

Civilian bulletproof cars are standard personal vehicles retrofitted with ballistic protection materials, ensuring the safety of occupants from armed attacks.

History: The concept of bulletproof cars dates back to the early 20th century when the most celebrated or infamous mobster in American history, Al Capone, sought to protect himself from potential assassination attempts.

Usage: Civilian bulletproof cars are employed by individuals and organizations facing elevated security risks, providing peace of mind and protection during daily activities.

Popular Models:
Mercedes-Benz S-Class Guard: The S-Class Guard is a popular choice among high-profile individuals, offering luxurious comfort and high levels of ballistic protection.

Range Rover Sentinel: The Range Rover Sentinel is an armored version of the iconic SUV, providing discreet protection for high-profile individuals.


Armored Mercedes G63

Bulletproof Limo based on Mercedes G63, INKAS® Armored

Armored limousines combine luxury and security, offering high levels of ballistic protection while ensuring comfortable and discreet transportation.

History: Armored limousines have been utilized for decades, serving as an essential asset for the security and protection of heads of state, celebrities, and diplomats.

Usage: Armored limousines are used to provide secure transportation for VIPs, dignitaries, and high-profile individuals, guaranteeing their safety and privacy.

Popular Models:
Cadillac One: Also known as “The Beast,” the presidential limousine used by the US President is a highly customized and heavily armored vehicle.

Maybach S600 Pullman Guard: The Maybach S600 Pullman Guard offers the epitome of luxury and protection, catering to the needs of top dignitaries and VIPs.


Armored vehicles stand as a testament to humanity’s pursuit of protection and security. From military applications, ensuring the safety of soldiers and achieving battlefield supremacy to armored vehicles for civilians, safeguarding valuable assets and protecting high-profile individuals, these robust machines have evolved to meet diverse challenges. As technology continues to advance, heavy armored military vehicles will undoubtedly adapt, embracing innovation and remaining at the forefront of safety and defense in an ever-changing world. 

At INKAS®, we specialize in the design and production of an impressive array of armored vehicles, including riot control police vehicles, cars, and trucks. With a strong global presence and multiple facilities worldwide, we pride ourselves on our maximal efficiency, organized deployment, and superior technical capabilities. Our diverse clientele includes banks, law enforcement agencies, corporate entities, and individuals spanning the globe. To learn more about our facilities and services, get in touch with us.

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